World Even More Connected In The Internet Of Things
Imagine a world connected to technology that is more advanced than the one we have today. The Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA), has provided a timely paper on the Internet of Things (IoT) this week. The paper identifies issues that are of immediate concern to ACMA and also provides an overview of technology and its capabilities.
The IoT allows for the interconnection of large numbers of devices, data, and computing power via the internet. At the moment, the internet usually has at least one human on either end of the communication. Most communications in the IoT will use sensors, actuators or cloud-based computing processes at one end.
The IoT is interesting because it allows data to be link from many devices to the immense computing power of cloud computing. Although sensor networks and machine to machine communication have around for a while, it has mostly done over the cellular telephone network or short-range mesh networks like ZigBee.
The processing of these data, such as device tracking or pollution monitoring, is generally quite straightforward. The internet allows for many new possibilities thanks to the connection of these devices. The large-scale deployment of sensor networks will result in huge amounts of data that can be transfer via the internet to be process with the vast resources of cloud computing.
There Are Many Applications Connected
Potential applications include health, aged care and infrastructure. The terms smart city and smart infrastructure refer to the ability to combine large-scale sensor networks with cloud computing.
For example, smoke alarms could be integrate with fire departments. An explosion in a factory may be indicate by a rapid rise in alarms. The data from alarms, along with the pattern and sequence of alarms, might be use to provide information about the nature, location, and extent of an explosion.
ACMA’s paper contains some discussion about projections for technology adoption. These projections seem incredible. A McKinsey report from recent years estimates that productivity gains worldwide will reach US$11.1 trillion per year by 2025. Chair of Telstra Catherine Livingstone believes that IoT will bring about changes comparable to those experienced with fixed-line internet in mid-1990s, and mobile internet in mid 2000s.
More Connections Billions Connected
Even more remarkable is the speed at which these technologies will be adopt. Cisco predicts that 50-billion devices will be connect to the internet in 2020, compared with the 15 billion currently connected. This area is definitely booming. Therefore, it is imperative that we have a regulatory framework in place. This is the subject of this paper.
ACMA invites interested parties to comment about its plans in the area. The paper’s most important part is the description of ACMA’s current, long-term and medium-term IoT focus. The availability of spectrum, mobile numbers, and information exchange are all current concerns. Spectrum refers to the frequency bands that are available for wireless communication between the IoT’s sensors and actuators.
Machine to Machine Communications (M2M) is the precursor to IoT. The mobile telephone network has been the mainstay of this system. ACMA released a new range of mobile numbers (05) in 2012 to complement the (04) range. Additional number ranges may be need if there is an increase in devices.
Unlicensed spectrum is used in short range sensor networks, such as Wi-Fi. This paper examines the suitability and possibility of new spectrum being made available in the 6GHz band. It also discusses the possibility of long-range communications, such as LoRa, using unlicensed spectrum.
Another area concerns how to address harms. This refers to privacy and security breaches, as well as other issues that may be difficult to understand. Management of “harms” requires information exchange between parties. To help a computer infected with malware, cooperation may be required between several parties. What will it look like in the IoT environment?
The paper identifies longer-term concerns such as network security and reliability, as well as the ability of consumers and businesses to manage their information and devices. The paper, in general, is a welcome addition for discussion on a growing area http://220.127.116.11/.